Complete A-Z List of Owl Species (2023)

Owls are some of the most popular raptors, not only for their nocturnal habits and amazingly expressive faces, but also for their outstanding abilities and the many legends and superstitions that surround them. They are found worldwide, and it can be easier than many birders realize to go owling and add these remarkable birds to their life list. Furthermore, many owls are ideal ambassador birds at aviaries, zoos, wildlife rehabilitation facilities, and nature centers, so everyone can see them up close and get intimately familiar with their favorite owls.

Types of Owls

There are nearly 250 owl species in the world, divided into two families. Barn owls with their distinct heart-shaped facial disks make up the Tytonidae family, while all other owl species are in the Strigidae or typical owl family. It can seem like there are many more species, however, because many owls go by a number of different common names throughout their ranges. This makes it important to learn the scientific names of owls to be certain of ​proper identifications and not mistake one common name for an entirely different species.

While only a handful of owl species are classified as endangered, many species are vulnerable or threatened with drastic population declines. Several species have not been studied well enough to make a proper determination of their status, so the number of owls that may be in danger of extinction could be even higher. Local populations can also suffer severe threats in parts of their range but not be considered endangered or threatened worldwide. It is vital that conservation efforts be put in place to protect all owls to preserve these powerful and fascinating birds for future generations of birders to enjoy.

Owl Biology and Behavior

Owls are predatory birds from the Strigiforme order. The order is divided into two families: Strigidae (true owls) and Tytonidae (barn owls). Strigidae is the larger group, containing more than 200 species spread over 27 genera. The Tytonidae group includes fewer than 20 species, and most have characteristic heart-shaped facial patterns. The barn owl group also tends to have smaller heads than the true owls, as well as longer legs.

  • Solitary: Like most predator species of birds, owls generally live and hunt alone, except when breeding or raising young. If you see multiple birds together, they are probably a nesting pair or a mother coaching young owls through the fledgling phase.
  • Mostly nocturnal: Although there are exceptions, most owls are nocturnal hunters, or adapted to hunt in low-light situations during morning and evening twilight hours.
  • Skeletal adaptations: Owls have exceptionally flexible necks with 14 vertebrae that allow them to rotate their heads up to 270 degrees. This allows them to survey hunting territory while sitting virtually motionless and nearly invisible.
  • Specialized vision: Like most animals, owls possess two eyes that give them binocular vision, and like most birds, they are fixed in place so they must turn their heads to spot what they hear. Owls have eyes well adapted to night hunting, sensitive to the faintest light and movement.
  • Specialized hearing: Owls have a disc-like circle of feathers around each ear, which can be adjusted to focus on what they hear. The ears are fixed asymmetrically, which gives the birds a better ability to pinpoint noises. Combined with fixed eyes and very flexible necks, this allows owls to focus their senses on prey.
  • Specialized plumage: Owls have feathers that have evolved to be virtually silent in flight. Prey animals rarely know they're being hunted until it's too late. The coloring is well adapted to provide camouflage in the species' typical habitat.
  • Large, powerful talons: Because owls typically kill prey by crushing rather than with their beaks, the feet and talons are oversized and very strong compared to most other birds of prey. The beaks, though sharp, are not especially large. From species to species, the talons evolved to suit the hunting of the most prevalent game species, whether it be insects, mice, small fish, or other birds.

Owls in the United States

There are 19 species of owl currently found in the United States—a relatively small subset of the more than 200 species found worldwide. In alphabetical order, these are the owl species you may be lucky enough to spot in the U.S.

(Video) All Types Of Owl In The World ‖ All Species Of Owl On The Earth

  • Barn owl (Tyto alba): This bird with solid white and brown markings can be found in limited numbers in the U.S. but is more prevalent in other parts of the world. It is 13 to 14 inches long and hunts nocturnally in meadows, deserts, and grasslands.
  • Barred owl (Strix varia): Native to eastern North America, this large owl (up to 23 inches long) has an overall grayish brown color with mottle bars of darker color. It is a very vocal bird, sometimes known regionally as a hoot owl. It is considered invasive in the western U.S., where it competes with the endangered spotted owl. It is the most common owl found in the U.S.
  • Boreal owl (Aegolius funereus): This smallish owl (8 to 11 inches) is found in the far northern U.S. and Canada. It is brown in color, with piercing yellow eyes.
  • Burrowing owl (Athene cunicularia): This is a small, increasingly rare bird that nests in ground hollows. It is a long-legged bird 7 to 10 inches long that can be seen in the western U.S. hopping around meadows and grasslands.
  • Eastern screech owl (Megascops asio): This reddish brown owl with visible ear tufts is 6 to 10 inches long and fairly common in the eastern United States. It readily adapts to human development, but is such a strict nocturnal hunter that it is rarely seen.
  • Elf owl (Micrathene Whitneyi): This very small, very rare owl is barely larger than a sparrow, with yellow eyes highlighted with white "eyebrows." A dedicated watcher may be able to spot it in the Southwest, where it often nests in saguaro cactus plants or woodpecker hollows in dead trees.
  • Ferruginous pygmy-owl (Glaucidium brasilianum): This is a widespread tropical species that is sometimes spotted in far southern Texas and Arizona. It is a small 6-inch bird with rusty brown coloring, often seen hunting lizards and other small animals in the daytime.
  • Flammulated owl (Otus flammeolus): This 6-inch owl has a dark gray color and eyes that are nearly black. It is a migratory owl that can be spotted in the western United States during the summer breeding season.
  • Great gray owl (Strix nebulosa): This is one of the largest owls, with a wingspan up to five feet. It is easily identified by its large round face and yellow eyes. They can often be spotted in the boreal forests of the northern United States, from the Great Lakes to Washington. Its numbers are threatened by habitat loss, primarily from the timber industry.
  • Great horned owl(Bubo virginianus): This large owl (up to 25 inches) with prominent upright ear tufts still thrives in large numbers across most of North America. Once seriously threatened by indiscriminate use of DDT, the great horned owl has made a remarkable resurgence and can often be spotted nesting in urban parks.
  • Long-eared owl (Asio otus): This is a fairly slim-bodied owl with long wings, tawny brown or gray in color, 13 to 16 inches long. It has very prominent upright ear tufts. It is listed as an endangered species, as its numbers have fallen 91% since 1970. In the United States, you might spot one in the northern regions, especially Minnesota, Wisconsin, and Michigan.
  • Northern hawk owl (Surnia ulula): This is a medium-sized (14- to 17-inch) owl that can be found hunting in the daylight in the boreal forests of the far northern United States and Canada. It is dark brown with off-white spotting. Its population is not large, so count yourself lucky if you spot one.
  • Northern pygmy owl (Glaucidium californicum): Native to the western United States, this small (6- to 7-inch) owl is gray to brownish gray in color. It has a white spotted head and yellow eyes. The lower body has vertical brown streaking. It hunts both at night and in the twilight hours. It has a relatively small population, so spotting one is a notable event.
  • Northern saw-whet owl (Aegolius acadicus): Earning its name because its call sounds like a saw being sharpened, this 7- to 8-inch owl can be found in many parts of the U.S. during different migration phases, but year-round in the Northern United States and mountain states. It is easily identified by its round white face with radiating brown streaks. Its numbers are healthy, and you may well spot one in dense forest thickets, often at eye level.
  • Short-eared owl (Asio flammeus): This is a hunter that favors marshlands and prairies across North America. It is a medium-sized owl that displays small ear tufts when on alert. Tawny mottled brown in color, the eyes are orange-yellow, circled with black. Though listed as endangered is certain areas, your chances are good of seeing one in open areas with high rodent populations. It has an erratic flight pattern, much like a bat.
  • Snowy owl (Bubo scandiacus): This increasingly rare owl is found in the far northern regions of the continental United States and Canada. Regarded by some as the prettiest owl of all species, it is often pure white, though females have streaks of brown. It is a very large owl, as much as 25 inches long, with feathers that cover the legs, feet, and toes. It often hunts during the day but can be hard to spot against snowy terrain.
  • Spotted owl (Strix occidentalis): This is the rarest of all North American owls, found only in old-growth forests of the western U.S. Averaging about 18 inches in length, it is often confused for the barred owl, which is displacing it. It is browner in color than the grayish barred owl, with a lighter round face encircled with brown rings. The eyes are deep black. Count yourself lucky if you spot one; the total population is estimated at 15,000 and falling.
  • Western screech owl (Megascops kennicottii): Found in western forests, this smallish (8- to 10-inch) bird is brown or gray in color, with visible streaks. It has a round head and yellow beak and eyes, with very obvious ear tufts. It is an aggressive hunter, known to catch ducks and fish larger than itself.
  • Whiskered screech owl (Megascops trichopsis): This extremely rare owl is thought to number no more than 500 individuals found in Mexico and the far southeastern edges of Arizona. It is 6 to 8 inches in length, a brownish-gray bird with streaking. The head is round, and the beak and eyes, yellow. It is often confused with the western screech owl but is slightly smaller with heavier barring on the breast.

Complete A-Z List of Owl Species (1)

Complete A-Z List of Owl Species (2)

Complete A-Z List of Owl Species (3)

(Video) All Owl Species in the World (tytonidae) types of owl pics

Complete A-Z List of Owl Species (4)

Complete A-Z List of Owl Species (5)

(Video) Owls of North America and their Calls

Alphabetical List of Owl Species Sorted by Common Name

* - Considered threatened or vulnerable due to population decreases and growing survival threats
** - Listed as endangered and in critical danger of extinction if conservation is not implemented (Classifications by BirdLife International)

Tytonidae Owls

Here are the 16 owl species that comprise the Tytonidae family, commonly known as the barn owl family. Only the common barn owl is commonly found in North America:

  • African Grass-Owl(Tytocapensis)
  • Ashy-Faced Owl(Tytoglaucops)
  • Australian Masked-Owl(Tytonovaehollandiae)
  • Common Barn-Owl(Tytoalba)
  • **Congo Bay-Owl(Phodilusprigoginei)
  • Eastern Grass-Owl(Tytolongimembris)
  • *Golden Masked-Owl(Tytoaurantia)
  • Greater Sooty-Owl(Tytotenebricosa)
  • Lesser Sooty-Owl(Tytomultipunctata)
  • *Madagascar Red Owl(Tytosoumagnei)
  • *Minahassa Masked-Owl(Tytoinexspectata)
  • Oriental Bay-Owl(Phodilusbadius)
  • Seram Masked-Owl(Tytoalmae)
  • Sri Lanka Bay-Owl(Phodilusassimilis)
  • Sulawesi Masked-Owl(Tytorosenbergii)
  • *Taliabu Masked-Owl(Tytonigrobrunnea)

Complete A-Z List of Owl Species (6)

Strigidae Owls

Here are 220 additional owl species from the Strigidae order, known as the true owls. Most North American owls fall into this group:

(Video) OWL Sounds | Different Types of Owls and Their Sounds

  • African Barred Owlet(Glaucidiumcapense)
  • African Long-Eared Owl(Asioabyssinicus)
  • African Scops-Owl(Otussenegalensis)
  • African Wood-Owl(Strixwoodfordii)
  • Akun Eagle-Owl(Buboleucostictus)
  • *Albertine Owlet(Glaucidiumalbertinum)
  • Amazonian Pygmy-Owl(Glaucidiumhardyi)
  • Andaman Boobook(Ninoxaffinis)
  • Andaman Scops-Owl(Otusballi)
  • Andean Pygmy-Owl(Glaucidiumjardinii)
  • **Anjouan Scops-Owl(Otuscapnodes)
  • **Annobon Scops-Owl(Otusfeae)
  • Arabian Scops-Owl(Otuspamelae)
  • Asian Barred Owlet(Glaucidiumcuculoides)
  • Austral Pygmy-Owl(Glaucidiumnana)
  • Baja Pygmy-Owl(Glaucidiumhoskinsii)
  • Balsas Screech-Owl(Megascopsseductus)
  • Band-Bellied Owl(Pulsatrixmelanota)
  • *Banggai Scops-Owl(Otusmendeni)
  • Bare-Legged Screech-Owl(Margarobyaslawrencii)
  • Bare-Shanked Screech-Owl(Megascopsclarkii)
  • Barking Owl(Ninoxconnivens)
  • Barred Eagle-Owl(Bubosumatranus)
  • Barred Owl(Strixvaria)
  • *Bearded Screech-Owl(Megascopsbarbarus)
  • *Biak Scops-Owl(Otusbeccarii)
  • Bismarck Boobook(Ninoxvariegata)
  • Black-and-White Owl(Ciccabanigrolineata)
  • Black-Banded Owl(Ciccabahuhula)
  • Black-Capped Screech-Owl(Megascopsatricapilla)
  • **Blakiston's Eagle-Owl(Buboblakistoni)
  • Boreal Owl(Aegoliusfunereus)
  • Brown Boobook(Ninoxscutulata)
  • Brown Fish-Owl(Ketupazeylonensis)
  • Brown Wood-Owl(Strixleptogrammica)
  • Buff-Fronted Owl(Aegoliusharrisii)
  • Buffy Fish-Owl(Ketupaketupu)
  • Burrowing Owl(Athenecunicularia)
  • Buru Boobook(Ninoxhantu)
  • **Camiguin Boobook(Ninoxleventisi)
  • Cape Eagle-Owl(Bubocapensis)
  • **Cebu Boobook(Ninoxrumseyi)
  • Central American Pygmy-Owl(Glaucidiumgriseiceps)
  • Chaco Owl(Strixchacoensis)
  • Chestnut Owlet(Glaucidiumcastaneum)
  • *Chestnut-Backed Owlet(Glaucidiumcastanotum)
  • *Chocolate Boobook(Ninoxrandi)
  • *Christmas Boobook(Ninoxnatalis)
  • Cinnabar Boobook(Ninoxios)
  • Cinnamon Screech-Owl(Megascopspetersoni)
  • *Cloudforest Pygmy-Owl(Glaucidiumnubicola)
  • *Cloudforest Screech-Owl(Megascopsmarshalli)
  • Colima Pygmy-Owl(Glaucidiumpalmarum)
  • Collared Owlet(Glaucidiumbrodiei)
  • Collared Scops-Owl(Otuslettia)
  • *Colombian Screech-Owl(Megascopscolombianus)
  • Costa Rican Pygmy-Owl(Glaucidiumcostaricanum)
  • Crested Owl(Lophostrixcristata)
  • Cuban Pygmy-Owl(Glaucidiumsiju)
  • Desert Tawny Owl (Strix hadorami)
  • Dusky Eagle-Owl(Bubocoromandus)
  • Eastern Screech-Owl(Megascopsasio)
  • Elf Owl(Micrathenewhitneyi)
  • *Enggano Scops-Owl(Otusenganensis)
  • Eurasian Eagle-Owl(Bubobubo)
  • Eurasian Pygmy-Owl(Glaucidiumpasserinum)
  • Eurasian Scops-Owl(Otusscops)
  • *Fearful Owl(Nesasiosolomonensis)
  • Ferruginous Pygmy-Owl(Glaucidiumbrasilianum)
  • Flammulated Owl(Psiloscopsflammeolus)
  • **Flores Scops-Owl(Otusalfredi)
  • **Forest Owlet(Heteroglauxblewitti)
  • Fraser's Eagle-Owl(Bubopoensis)
  • Fulvous Owl(Strixfulvescens)
  • *Giant Scops-Owl(Otusgurneyi)
  • **Grand Comoro Scops-Owl(Otuspauliani)
  • Great Grey Owl(Strixnebulosa)
  • Great Horned Owl(Bubovirginianus)
  • Greyish Eagle-Owl(Bubocinerascens)
  • *Guadalcanal Boobook(Ninoxgranti)
  • Guatemalan Pygmy-Owl(Glaucidiumcobanense)
  • Guatemalan Screech-Owl(Megascopsguatemalae)
  • Halmahera Boobook(Ninoxhypogramma)
  • Himalayan Owl(Strixnivicolum)
  • Hume's Boobook(Ninoxobscura)
  • Indian Scops-Owl(Otusbakkamoena)
  • Jamaican Owl(Pseudoscopsgrammicus)
  • Japanese Scops-Owl(Otussemitorques)
  • Javan Owlet(Glaucidiumcastanopterum)
  • *Javan Scops-Owl(Otusangelinae)
  • Jungle Boobook(Ninoxtheomacha)
  • Jungle Owlet(Glaucidiumradiatum)
  • Koepcke's Screech-Owl(Megascopskoepckeae)
  • *Least Boobook(Ninoxsumbaensis)
  • Least Pygmy-Owl(Glaucidiumminutissimum)
  • Little Owl(Athenenoctua)
  • Long-Tufted Screech-Owl(Megascopssanctaecatarinae)
  • **Long-Whiskered Owlet(Xenoglauxloweryi)
  • Luzon Boobook(Ninoxphilippensis)
  • *Luzon Highland Scops-Owl(Otuslongicornis)
  • Luzon Lowland Scops-Owl(Otusmegalotis)
  • Madagascar Long-Eared Owl(Asiomadagascariensis)
  • Madagascar Scops-Owl(Otusrutilus)
  • Magellanic Horned Owl(Bubomagellanicus)
  • *Makira Boobook(Ninoxroseoaxillaris)
  • *Malaita Boobook(Ninoxmalaitae)
  • Maned Owl(Jubulalettii)
  • *Mantanani Scops-Owl(Otusmantananensis)
  • Manus Boobook(Ninoxmeeki)
  • Marsh Owl(Asiocapensis)
  • Mayotte Scops-Owl(Otusmayottensis)
  • *Mentawai Scops-Owl(Otusmentawi)
  • *Mindanao Boobook(Ninoxspilocephala)
  • *Mindanao Highland Scops-Owl(Otusmirus)
  • Mindanao Lowland Scops-Owl(Otuseveretti)
  • *Mindoro Boobook(Ninoxmindorensis)
  • *Mindoro Scops-Owl(Otusmindorensis)
  • **Moheli Scops-Owl(Otusmoheliensis)
  • Moluccan Scops-Owl(Otusmagicus)
  • Morepork(Ninoxnovaeseelandiae)
  • Mottled Owl(Ciccabavirgata)
  • Mottled Wood-Owl(Strixocellata)
  • Mountain Pygmy-Owl(Glaucidiumgnoma)
  • Mountain Scops-Owl(Otusspilocephalus)
  • *New Britain Boobook(Ninoxodiosa)
  • Nicobar Scops-Owl(Otusalius)
  • Northern Boobook(Ninoxjaponica)
  • Northern Hawk-Owl(Surniaulula)
  • Northern Long-Eared Owl(Asiootus)
  • Northern Pygmy-Owl(Glaucidiumcalifornicum)
  • Northern Saw-Whet Owl(Aegoliusacadicus)
  • Northern White-Faced Owl(Ptilopsisleucotis)
  • *Ochre-Bellied Boobook(Ninoxochracea)
  • Omani Owl(Strixomanensis)
  • Oriental Scops-Owl(Otussunia)
  • Pacific Screech-Owl(Megascopscooperi)
  • Palau Owl(Pyrroglauxpodargina)
  • *Palawan Scops-Owl(Otusfuliginosus)
  • Pallid Scops-Owl(Otusbrucei)
  • Papuan Boobook(Uroglauxdimorpha)
  • Pearl-Spotted Owlet(Glaucidiumperlatum)
  • Pel's Fishing-Owl(Scotopeliapeli)
  • *Pemba Scops-Owl(Otuspembaensis)
  • **Pernambuco Pygmy-Owl(Glaucidiummooreorum)
  • Peruvian Pygmy-Owl(Glaucidiumperuanum)
  • Peruvian Screech-Owl(Megascopsroboratus)
  • Pharaoh Eagle-Owl(Buboascalaphus)
  • *Philippine Eagle-Owl(Bubophilippensis)
  • Powerful Owl(Ninoxstrenua)
  • Puerto Rican Screech-Owl(Megascopsnudipes)
  • Rajah Scops-Owl(Otusbrookii)
  • Red-Chested Owlet(Glaucidiumtephronotum)
  • *Reddish Scops-Owl(Otusrufescens)
  • *Rinjani Scops-Owl(Otusjolandae)
  • Rock Eagle-Owl(Bubobengalensis)
  • *Romblon Boobook(Ninoxspilonotus)
  • Rufescent Screech-Owl(Megascopsingens)
  • *Rufous Fishing-Owl(Scotopeliaussheri)
  • Rufous Owl(Ninoxrufa)
  • Rufous-Banded Owl(Ciccabaalbitarsis)
  • Rufous-Legged Owl(Strixrufipes)
  • *Rusty-Barred Owl(Strixhylophila)
  • *Ryukyu Scops-Owl(Otuselegans)
  • Sandy Scops-Owl(Otusicterorhynchus)
  • Sangihe Scops-Owl(Otuscollari)
  • *Sao Tome Scops-Owl(Otushartlaubi)
  • Seram Boobook(Ninoxsquamipila)
  • **Serendib Scops-Owl(Otusthilohoffmanni)
  • **Seychelles Scops-Owl(Otusinsularis)
  • *Shelley's Eagle-Owl(Buboshelleyi)
  • Short-Eared Owl(Asioflammeus)
  • **Siau Scops-Owl(Otussiaoensis)
  • *Simeulue Scops-Owl(Otusumbra)
  • Sjostedt's Owlet(Glaucidiumsjostedti)
  • *Snowy Owl(Buboscandiacus)
  • Socotra Scops-Owl(Otussocotranus)
  • **Sokoke Scops-Owl(Otusireneae)
  • Southern Boobook(Ninoxboobook)
  • Southern White-Faced Owl(Ptilopsisgranti)
  • Speckled Boobook(Ninoxpunctulata)
  • Spectacled Owl(Pulsatrixperspicillata)
  • Spot-Bellied Eagle-Owl(Bubonipalensis)
  • Spotted Eagle-Owl(Buboafricanus)
  • *Spotted Owl(Strixoccidentalis)
  • Spotted Owlet(Athenebrama)
  • Spotted Wood-Owl(Strixseloputo)
  • Striped Owl(Asioclamator)
  • Stygian Owl(Asiostygius)
  • Subtropical Pygmy-Owl(Glaucidiumparkeri)
  • *Sula Scops-Owl(Otussulaensis)
  • Sulawesi Scops-Owl(Otusmanadensis)
  • *Sulu Boobook(Ninoxreyi)
  • *Sumba Boobook(Ninoxrudolfi)
  • Sunda Scops-Owl(Otuslempiji)
  • *Tamaulipas Pygmy-Owl(Glaucidiumsanchezi)
  • Tanimbar Boobook(Ninoxforbesi)
  • Tasmanian Boobook(Ninoxleucopsis)
  • Tawny Fish-Owl(Ketupaflavipes)
  • Tawny Owl(Strixaluco)
  • Tawny-Bellied Screech-Owl(Megascopswatsonii)
  • Tawny-Browed Owl(Pulsatrixkoeniswaldiana)
  • *Togian Boobook(Ninoxburhani)
  • Tropical Screech-Owl(Megascopscholiba)
  • Tucuman Pygmy-Owl(Glaucidiumtucumanum)
  • Unspotted Saw-Whet Owl(Aegoliusridgwayi)
  • Ural Owl(Strixuralensis)
  • Vermiculated Fishing-Owl(Scotopeliabouvieri)
  • Vermiculated Screech-Owl(Megascopsvermiculatus)
  • Verreaux's Eagle-Owl(Bubolacteus)
  • *Visayan Scops-Owl(Otusnigrorum)
  • Wallace's Scops-Owl(Otussilvicola)
  • West Solomons Boobook(Ninoxjacquinoti)
  • Western Screech-Owl(Megascopskennicottii)
  • Wetar Scops-Owl(Otustempestatis)
  • Whiskered Screech-Owl(Megascopstrichopsis)
  • White-Browed Owl(Athenesuperciliaris)
  • *White-Fronted Scops-Owl(Otussagittatus)
  • White-Throated Screech-Owl(Megascopsalbogularis)
  • Yungas Pygmy-Owl(Glaucidiumbolivianum)
  • Yungas Screech-Owl(Megascopshoyi)

Complete A-Z List of Owl Species (7)

FAQs

How many species of owls are there in Arizona? ›

There are 13 species of owls that occur in Arizona. Owls live in a variety of habitats. They are nocturnal raptors, specialized for hunting in the dark, and are equipped with excellent night-vision, hearing, and stealth.

Are there 200 types of owls? ›

There are nearly 250 owl species in the world, divided into two families. Barn owls with their distinct heart-shaped facial disks make up the Tytonidae family, while all other owl species are in the Strigidae or typical owl family.

How many species of owls are there? ›

There are about 250 species of owls in the world. They live on every continent except icy Antarctica.

What kind of owl is stolas helluva boss? ›

Stolas is a Goetic Prince of Hell and a major supporting character in Helluva Boss. He is the father of Octavia and the husband of Stella. Stolas is an anthropomorphic owl demon.

Do elf owls live in Arizona? ›

The most important threat to the elf owl is habitat loss both of its riparian forest habitat and desert-scrub habitats. In Arizona, the elf owl is not uncommon, but it's numbers are decreasing in California and Texas.

What owl hoots 3 times? ›

The great horned owl's hoot is pretty much unmistakable, although ornithology web sites often describe it in different ways. A common hooting pattern is a longer hoooooot, followed by two or three shorter hoots.

What is the rarest owl? ›

The Blakinston's fish owl – Arguably the rarest owl in the world. The Bornean Rajah Scops owl – Which has made a fascinating reappearance in the last 10 years.

Can you have an elf owl as a pet? ›

The United States does not allow private individuals to keep native owls as pets--they may only be possessed by trained, licensed individuals while being rehabilitated, as foster parents in a rehabilitation facility, as part of a breeding program, for educational purposes, or certain species may be used for falconry in ...

What is the 2 largest owl? ›

The Eurasian eagle-owl is the second-largest owl in the world if we are looking at wingspan. Snowy owls are also very large, even though they do not weigh much. They only weigh 4.5 lbs and have a wingspan of about 4.4-4.8 ft.

What is the oldest owl? ›

The Barn Owl is considered the oldest of all owls in the world. In fact, the oldest known species of Barn Owl is 25-20 million years old.

Does Stolas have a beak? ›

Stolas is an anthropomorphic owl demon. He is tall and slender, with a white, heart-shaped facial disk and small black beak, resembling that of an owl. He has two pairs of almond-shaped red eyes, one set atop the other, with no visible irises or pupils, albeit white highlights do occasionally appear when he is excited.

How big is Stolas? ›

Stolas is an incredibly tall demon, almost twice as tall as Blitzo, but also incredibly thin and lanky. His face resembles that of a fiendish owl. He always wears expensive-looking clothes that befit a nobleman of Hell. He has four eyes, two placed where one would expect eyes to be and two over those.

What animal is Blitzo? ›

Blitzo, unlike most of the Hazbin Hotel cast, was born a resident of Hell and is thus a true demon.

Are there pygmy owls in Arizona? ›

Living up to its name, the cactus ferruginous pygmy-owl (Glaucidium brasilianum cactorum) is a rust-colored raptor that weighs fewer than three ounces and typically nests in saguaro cactus cavities in Arizona.

Are there great horned owls in Arizona? ›

Although protected by the Migratory Bird Treaty Act, Great Horned Owls are considered of “Least Concern” by the IUCN Red list. They are found to be plentiful in Arizona and not of management concern.

Which owl makes a hoo hoo sound? ›

Great Horned Owls advertise their territories with deep, soft hoots with a stuttering rhythm: hoo-h'HOO-hoo-hoo. The male and female of a breeding pair may perform a duet of alternating calls, with the female's voice recognizably higher in pitch than the male's.

What owl screams like a woman? ›

Calls. Barn Owls don't hoot the way most owls do; instead, they make a long, harsh scream that lasts about 2 seconds. It's made mostly by the male, who often calls repeatedly from the air. Females give the call infrequently.

Which owl says who cooks for you? ›

Barred Owls have a distinctive hooting call of 8–9 notes, described as “Who cooks for you? Who cooks for you-all?” This call carries well through the woods and is fairly easy to imitate. During courtship, mated pairs perform a riotous duet of cackles, hoots, caws and gurgles.

What owl sounds like a horse whinny? ›

1) Eastern Screech-Owl

Eastern Screech-Owls have two main calls. One is a descending, almost horse-like whinny, used to defend territories. The other is an extended trill on a single pitch (sound two) that's used to attract mates and maintain contact with family members.

Is an elf owl real? ›

Elf Owls live in woodlands and desert cactus habitats in southwest Texas and southern Arizona [Editor's note: New Mexico, too!]. In desert habitats, they often nest in woodpecker holes in tall saguaro cactus. They depart the US by October for warmer latitudes of Mexico, where insects are more available in winter.

Is there a real pink owl? ›

Screech owls normally range in color from gray to rusty brown, with distinct, buttercup-yellow irises. Albino owls, however, have pink skin around their eyes, whose color can range from pink to a dark cherry-red.

What is the stealthiest owl in the world? ›

Welcome to the stealth bomber of the avian world – the barn owl. You can have the sharpest ears in the world, but this is one killer you will not hear coming. Scientists took what you could say was the ECG equivalent of soundwaves emitted by various birds as they flew.

Can you own a snowy owl? ›

It is not legal to own a snowy owl in the U.S. Private ownership is prohibited by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service per the Migratory Bird Treaty Act of 1918.

Can an owl lift a dog? ›

Due to its size and strength, the great horned owl is the only owl species that would be able to pick up a small dog consistently. Great horned owls can carry as much as 9 pounds, which means they could snatch a Chihuahua or a Yorkshire Terrier. You'll find several examples of owl attacks on dogs in the news.

Are pet owls cuddly? ›

Owls aren't interested in cuddling

Yes, owls are beautiful and have inquisitive, dreamy eyes but they're not interested in pets or cuddling. There's no kissing an owl on the cheeks—it's a smart idea to keep them and these other animals away from your face.

What is the scariest owl? ›

Great horned owl (Bubo virginianus)

Owls of all kinds have been known to attack people when defending their young, their mates, or their territories. Frequent targets include unsuspecting joggers and hikers.

What is the strongest owl in the world? ›

Great Horned Owls are fierce predators that can take large prey, including raptors such as Ospreys, Peregrine Falcons, Prairie Falcons, and other owls. They also eat much smaller items such as rodents, frogs, and scorpions. When clenched, a Great Horned Owl's strong talons require a force of 28 pounds to open.

What kind of owl goes hoo hoo hoo? ›

Great Horned Owls advertise their territories with deep, soft hoots with a stuttering rhythm: hoo-h'HOO-hoo-hoo. The male and female of a breeding pair may perform a duet of alternating calls, with the female's voice recognizably higher in pitch than the male's.

How common are owls in Arizona? ›

Great Horned Owls are common in Arizona.

In fact, these raptors can actually be found almost anywhere in North America, from the Arctic south to the tropics. Its habitat is practically unlimited as long as there are trees and rocky nesting sites available.

Are owls a protected species in Arizona? ›

All migratory birds and their parts are fully protected. They are also protected under Arizona State Law in Title 17-101, Title 17-235, and Title 17-236. What to look for: Description– small, ground-dwelling owl.

Can an owl pick up a dog? ›

The powerful talons of a Great Horned Owl can take prey over five pounds. Photo by Matt Cuda via Birdshare. Most dogs (and cats) are large enough to be safe from hawks and owls. Even very small dogs may be too heavy for a hawk or owl to carry, although it's still possible that large raptors might attack them.

What kind of owl sounds like a woman screaming? ›

Barn Owls don't hoot the way most owls do; instead, they make a long, harsh scream that lasts about 2 seconds.

Where do owls go during the day in Arizona? ›

Great horned owls will usually perch or roost during the day in a protected area such as a tree limb or rocky overhang. When awake and hunting they use their excellent ability to hear to catch their prey. This is aided by excellent eyesight and the fact that they make little-to-no noise when they fly.

How do I attract owls to my yard in Arizona? ›

Thus, having trees in your yard is a good way to attract owls. As long as they do not pose a threat to your home, avoid removing trees from your yard. Trees provide critical habitat for owls and other wildlife. Most species of owl use trees and branches to roost, nest, and hunt on a daily basis.

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